Feminized cannabis seeds are purposely designed to only produce female plants. Making them the most popular seeds out of the group because they provide the highest yielding crops.
Cannabis seeds can develop into a male or female plant and the entire process is predetermined by the X or Y chromosomes. The process of “feminization” conditions the female plants to obtain the male pollen that’s needed for seed production. Ninety-nine percent of the time, a plant with two X chromosomes will be female. Regular cannabis seeds are an XY set of chromosomes and often produce more male than female plants.
To produce a healthy, potent strain, the male cannabis plants must be removed to stop them from fertilizing the female plants. If a female plant is fertilized, it diverts its resources to producing seeds, as opposed to continuing the production of flowers. The key benefit of producing female only cannabis plants is that they provide stronger strains of cannabis, by eradicating the threat of the male plant.
Feminized seeds were traditionally created by inducing stress on a female cannabis plant until it became a hermaphrodite, which caused self-pollenation or pollination to the surrounding female plants. The end result produced feminized seeds because they were grown from all-female plants. The major drawback to this process meant that plants created from these seeds were at risk of becoming hermaphrodites.
Creating feminized seeds is far easier and safer nowadays, by either spraying colloidal silver solution on the female cannabis plants, during the early flowering stages or a process called rodelization.